* An abundance of fossil remains and pre-historic artifacts in some places of Jharkhand point out the possibility that the transformation of homo erectus to homo sapiens took place in the Chotanagpur region. Stone axes and other tools of early civilizations date back to over 3000 years. In the 6th or the 7th century BC - the era of the epic Mahabharata - the "Kikat" Pradesh mentioned in Rig Veda was located somewhere in the Parasnath hills in Giridih district of Jharkhand.

* This state of India is very rich in minerals and almost one third of the total nation’s coal deposits are found in Jharkhand. Other important minerals that are found in Jharkhand include copper, mica, bauxite, quartz, chromite, dolomite, titanium, uranium, and gold.
* Jharkhand is home to India's oldest mental health and psychiatric institutes, located in Ranchi.